Understanding Typology Terms
The hypothesis of Axis XII suggests that the personality can not only be understood on a theoretical level, but categorized and measured based on the rapid fluctuations of micro expressions. These micro expressions are grouped along two axes and subdivided into two orientations, commonly referred to as cognitive functions. It must be understood that cognitive function, cognition, etc. are terms that are used within the community interchangeably with what might be called "basic human cognitive ability". All humans are capable of a multitude of thoughts, feelings, sense experiences, and intuitions. No "cognitive function" has a monopoly on these things. Each function, is instead a “lens” that focuses the mind in a manner that brings conscious attention to specific types of thought experience. As all experiences are essentially replicated inside of the mind to be processed, all cognitive functions are internal processes specific to the brain to facilitate understanding and interaction.
A cognitive function is a type of mental awareness within a certain frame of reference. These frames of reference are considered to be either rational or irrational.
The rational function, referred to as Judging (J), is primarily concerned with enactment of protocol and personal axiom. The irrational function, referred to as Perceiving (P), is primarily concerned with observation, exploration, and experience.
Each function (J or P) is oriented in a specific direction, coming from the subject or as a response to an object. The psyche delineates that which is a response to an external operator or experience, versus that which is an internal protocol or experience.
The subjective direction, or introverted (i) orientation, is concerned with the subject itself. A function which operates in the (i) direction takes the object and submits it to the view or understanding of the psyche. The objective direction, or extroverted (e) orientation, is instead concerned with the self in relation to the external. A function which operates in the (e) direction drives the psyche to act in response to the object.
When looking at J or P within the context of orientation, we find that we can classify each function as being either introverted (i) or extroverted (e). Thus, Judgment can be directed at the object from the subject (i), or influenced by the object (e). This is Introverted Judgement (Ji) and Extroverted Judgement (Je), respectively. In the same manner, we can see that Perception can be directed at the object from the subject (i) or influenced by the object (e). This is Introverted Perception (Pi) or Extroverted Perception(Pe), respectively.
Each function can be further delineated into two types of judging functions, and two types of perceiving functions. Judging functions will carry characteristics of Thinking (T) or Feeling (F). Perceiving functions will carry characteristics of Sensing (S) or Intuition (N). Each form of judging and perceiving function will exist in the opposite extroverted or introverted attitude to its counterpart. For example, if a person’s introverted perceiving (Pi) function is a Sensing (S) function, then their corresponding extroverted perception (Pe) will be an Intuition (N) function. Likewise, if a person’s extroverted judging (Je) function is a Thinking (T) function, then their corresponding introverted judging (Ji) function would be a Feeling (F) function.
The following axial pairs are observed through emergent personality traits and information processing styles that can be reliably observed across different individuals sharing the same function pairs:
Extroverted Intuition (Ne) paired with Introverted Sensing (Si)
Extroverted Sensing (Se) paired with Introverted Intuition (Ni)
Extroverted Thinking (Te) paired with Introverted Feeling (Fi)
Extroverted Feeling (Fe) paired with Introverted Thinking (Ti)
Each type of judging or perceiving function possesses unique characteristics when directed in either the extroverted or introverted attitude.