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Definitions (Simplified)

The base components used to construct the entire framework 


​An object refers to anything external to the individual, including people, places, things, or concepts. For example, a person you encounter in a social setting, a building you see, or an idea presented in a conversation can all be considered objects.


​A subject refers to the individual's internal world, including their thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and experiences. For example, your personal emotions about a situation, the memory of an event, or your interpretation of an idea would all be considered part of the subject.


​Judgment is the cognitive process of evaluating and making decisions based on information or experiences. It involves assessing situations, weighing pros and cons, and forming conclusions. For example, deciding which job offer to accept based on factors such as salary, location, and company culture would involve using judgment.


​Perception is the cognitive process of gathering and interpreting information from the external world through the senses. It involves observing, experiencing, and making sense of our surroundings. For example, noticing the color of the sky, hearing the sound of rain, or smelling freshly baked bread are all instances of perception.



The introverted (i) orientation, or the subjective direction, is primarily preoccupied with the subject. A cognitive function operating in this (i) direction utilizes the object as a basis, subjecting it to the interpretive framework or comprehension of the subject.



Contrastingly, the extroverted (e) orientation, or the objective direction, focuses predominantly on the object. A cognitive function operating in this (e) direction compels the subject to respond or act based on the object.


When considering Judgment (J) or Perception (P) within the context of orientation, it becomes possible to categorize each function as either introverted (i) or extroverted (e). As such, Judgment can be construed as being subject to the object from the vantage point of the subject (i), or as being influenced by the object (e) – these are respectively referred to as Introverted Judgment (Ji) and Extroverted Judgment (Je). Analogously, Perception can be directed at the object from the subject (i) or influenced by the object (e), hence leading to Introverted Perception (Pi) and Extroverted Perception (Pe) respectively.

​Introverted Judgment (Ji)

​Ji deals with an individual's subjective understanding and approach to objects. It emphasizes personal comprehension and decision-making, concentrating on consolidating relevant knowledge through subjective reasoning. Ji evaluates and interprets information based on an individual's unique understanding of the world.

​Extroverted Judgment (Je)

​Je deals with the interplay and implementation of object relationships as they relate to the external world. Je emphasizes the evaluation of objective factors, guiding the psyche to operate in harmony with these external determinants. As a result, individuals with a strong Je function tend to prioritize external standards and regulations in their decision-making endeavors.

​Introverted Perception (Pi)

Pi engages in the assimilation and synthesis of subjective experiences and information, constructing an integrated mental framework that interweaves past, present, and potential future. It is concerned with achieving a sense of predictability by molding a cohesive internal narrative, formed through the processing of personal experiences. This narrative serves as a projection that is superimposed onto reality, enabling the individual to anticipate and contextualize events based on their internally-harmonized understanding. Through its focus on internal synthesis, Pi keeps its sights on the continuity and themes inherent in one's life experiences, anchoring the psyche within a personal temporal landscape.

​Extroverted Perception (Pe)

​Pe focuses on assimilating and generating various aspects of object experiences, enabling the exploration and cataloging of associations by obtaining detailed mental representations directly from the external environment. In essence, Pe is concerned with gathering and incorporating information from our surroundings.


In AXIS XII, a mode is a cognitive process that represents the collaboration between two distinct psychological functions, drawing on the fundamental principles of object/subject and rational/irrational. A mode illustrates how individuals process information, make decisions, and interact with their internal and external environments. The concept of synchronization within a mode highlights the balance and exchange of information between these functions, which can be either harmonious or antagonistic, depending on the degree of consciousness and integration.

​The Mode of Alignment (JJ)

​The Mode of Alignment is a cognitive process characterized by the dynamic interplay between Introverted Judgment (Ji) and Extroverted Judgment (Je), emphasizing the balance between subjective understanding and objective standards. Ji concentrates on an individual's subjective understanding and decision-making, while Je addresses object-oriented interactions in the external world, adhering to established protocols and standards. In essence, this mode helps individuals comprehend where and why they do or do not fit (Ji) into external protocols or structures (Je) and guides them in aligning themselves appropriately with these standards.

*Perception plays a vital role in establishing a dynamic equilibrium that enables individuals to adapt their judgment protocols according to situational demands.

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​The Mode of Analysis (II)

​The Mode of Analysis is a cognitive process focused on deep reflection and introspection, emphasizing the subjective evaluation of complex information. This mode involves two introverted functions: Introverted Judgment (Ji) and Introverted Perception (Pi). Ji analyzes and understands underlying principles and frameworks, while Pi explores past experiences to identify patterns and create mental models. However, this inward focus may hinder their ability to quickly adapt to new information or changing situations, as they may disregard external data that doesn't align with their existing frameworks.

*Activities like prayer, reading, meditation, or introspective writing are examples of this mode. These activities typically involve mental and physical stillness, directing attention inward rather than toward external objects.

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​The Mode of Cognizance (PP)

​Cognizance encompasses a dynamic and fluid interplay between Introverted Perception (Pi) and Extroverted Perception (Pe), focusing on understanding through the assimilation of subjective experiences and real-time objective information. It resists structure and allows for an adaptive, open-ended exploration of experiences. Judgment struggles to keep up due to Cognizance's emphasis on the free flow of perception, making it less rigid and more receptive to continual change.

*Judgment serves as a mediator between introverted and extroverted perceptions, helping to identify and comprehend contextual information.

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​The Mode of Conducting (CN)

​The Mode of Conducting is a cognitive process that emphasizes transforming subjective perceptions into actionable strategies in the external world. It involves a dynamic interplay between Introverted Perception (Pi) and Extroverted Judgment (Je), allowing individuals to integrate their inner experiences and personal insights with objective information. This collaboration enables people to adeptly navigate complex information, deconstruct ambitious goals into achievable steps, and establish structures or systems that embody their mission.

*The Mode of Conducting can be applied to a wide range of activities, from implementing personal goals to shaping the external environment. Whether it's strategizing a career path, leading a team, or orchestrating a social event, the Mode of Conducting enables individuals to make informed decisions that align with their subjective insights while effectively engaging with the external world.

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​The Mode of Interaction (EE)

​The Mode of Interaction is a cognitive process that encompasses the dynamic interplay between Extroverted Judgment (Je) and Extroverted Perception (Pe), allowing individuals to adapt to new situations and make swift decisions based on information gathered from the external world. Je provides structure for decision-making, while Pe enables the acquisition of necessary information. This mode emphasizes adaptability and effective interactions with their environments, as individuals with a strong Mode of Interaction often demonstrate improvisational skills and an active approach to engaging with people, places, and things.

*This mode is particularly evident in activities such as team sports, debate, public speaking, and crisis management, where adaptability and quick decision-making are essential.

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​The Mode of Revision (RV)

​The Mode of Revision is a cognitive process that involves the continuous reevaluation and refinement of an individual's understanding of the world. This mode involves a dynamic interplay between Extroverted Perception (Pe) and Introverted Judgment (Ji), allowing individuals to adapt their subjective insights, internal logic, and emotive processes in response to emerging information and experiences. This ongoing process of refinement ultimately leads to more effective decision-making and adaptive behavior.

*The Mode of Revision can be applied to a wide range of activities, from adjusting personal beliefs and values to modifying objects in the external world. Whether it's enhancing a work of art, revising a theory, or reevaluating one's ethical stance, the Mode of Revision enables individuals to make informed decisions that align with their values and priorities while incorporating new information.

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When a mode is synchronized and conscious, there is a balanced exchange of information between functions, resulting in a harmonious coexistence within the psyche that fosters a healthy process for the individual. In contrast, when the exchange of information is unbalanced and the mode is unconscious, the process becomes less healthy, with the two functions sharing potentially contradictory or divergent information, leading to an antagonistic dynamic.

Synchronized functions work collaboratively towards the same objective, while unsynchronized functions compete against each other for dominance. For example, a synchronized Mode of Alignment between Fe and Ti indicates that an individual has successfully integrated their subjectively held principles with widely accepted societal values. This harmony between the two functions allows the individual to respect and implement social protocols while still maintaining personal integrity.

However, if the Mode of Alignment is unconscious and unsynchronized, Fe and Ti would be in conflict, creating a loop of opposing and incompatible information sets that generates a push-pull dynamic. This concept may primarily apply to polarized modes, such as Cognizance and Alignment, as combining perception with judgment might not create the same oppositional dynamic.


A cognitive function represents a specific modality of mental consciousness confined within a predefined frame of reference, either rational or irrational. While the human psyche is capable of a broad spectrum of cognitions — spanning thoughts, emotions, sensory experiences, and intuitions — no single cognitive function can be viewed as having an exclusive hold on these manifestations. Rather, each cognitive function acts as a unique "lens," focusing mental attention on distinct facets of cognition. Given that all experiences undergo processing within the confines of the mind, cognitive functions are inherently internal processes that the subject employs to interpret and interact with the world.

The classification of cognitive functions can be further refined into two primary categories: judging functions and perceiving functions. The judging functions bear the attributes of Thinking (T) or Feeling (F), while the perceiving functions are marked by the traits of Sensing (S) or Intuition (N). Each instance of a judging or perceiving function exists in an attitude that is either extroverted or introverted, opposite to its respective counterpart. For instance, if an individual's introverted perceiving (Pi) function manifests as a Sensing (S) function, then their associated extroverted perceiving (Pe) function will inevitably be an Intuition (N) function. Similarly, if an individual's extroverted judging (Je) function exhibits as a Thinking (T) function, then their corresponding introverted judging (Ji) function will naturally be a Feeling (F) function.

​Introverted Sensation (Si)

Si, in its fundamental nature, can be viewed as the cognitive mechanism that binds human perception to personal, subjective experiences. It manifests as a natural affinity for sensory stimuli that hold personal significance, inherently creating a narrative drawn from past encounters. This inclination towards familiar and comfort-laden objects places Si within the subjective irrational domain. Si encapsulates the nuanced connection between sensory impressions and individual comfort, creating an intricate tapestry of personal experiences that resonate through time. Hence, Si is a cognitive function deeply entrenched in the individual's subjective reality, cultivating a rich internal landscape where personal comfort converges with sensory experiences.

​Introverted Intuition (Ni)

Ni, at its quintessence, can be envisioned as the cognitive apparatus that interlaces human perception with esoteric insights. It materializes as an affinity for discerning patterns and synthesizing visions, consequently fabricating a narrative integrating past, present, and future. This predilection for abstract comprehension positions Ni in the realm of subjective irrationality. Ni epitomizes the interplay between the fluctuations of events and the individual's internal distillation of meanings into symbols and archetypes, constructing an enigmatic tapestry of interconnected insights. Thus, Ni is a cognitive function deeply rooted in the individual's ethereal consciousness, nurturing an internal cosmos where abstract understanding intertwines with the cyclical rhythm of existence. Through its introspective lens, Ni perceives time's echoes, ripples, and waves as interwoven strands in a matrix of patterns and cycles, guiding the individual in an existential ballet transcending temporal confines.

​Extroverted Sensation (Se)

As a function that emphasizes real-time sensory engagement, Se manifests as a form of cognition deeply intertwined with the physical environment. It is a cognitive function primed for immediacy, embracing the present moment with acuity and adaptability. Se users are attuned to the spatial properties of their environment and exhibit a pragmatic approach to the challenges presented to them. The key characteristic of Se-dominant individuals is their immersive engagement with the physical world, cultivating a sense of adventure and an insatiable thirst for novel experiences. Through heightened sensory awareness, they skillfully navigate their surroundings, taking decisive action and making the most of the opportunities available in the here and now.

​Extroverted Intuition (Ne)

Ne, in its elemental form, can be seen as the cognitive function that imbues human perception with an unquenchable thirst for exploring latent potentials and possibilities. It manifests as an unwavering focus on the undercurrents that lie beneath the surface of reality, acknowledging the dormant energies and hidden links. This unrelenting engagement with potentials places Ne in the realm of extroverted irrationality. Ne characterizes the delicate balance between observing the external world and intuiting its unexplored facets, painting a vibrant canvas of what could be. Consequently, Ne cultivates a landscape where curiosity and innovation are intertwined, and where ideas are portals to boundless possibilities. With its tendency to delve into concealed connections, Ne is a cognitive function that actively participates in the unfolding tapestry of reality, entwining the observer's imagination with the environment in a ceaseless dance of discovery and reinvention. Through its external orientation, Ne engages with the world not just as a static panorama but as a treasure trove of potentials waiting to be unveiled.

​Introverted Feeling (Fi)

Fi functions as the internal resonance chamber of emotions, deriving its essence from the depth of personal experiences. It acts as the nucleus of feeling-tones, fostering an intimate relationship between the individual and the emotional resonance of their encounters. By evaluating and reevaluating these emotional nuances, Fi forms a deeply personal, nuanced understanding of ethical values, resonating with the feeling-tones inherent in the individual. This constant interplay between the self and the emotionally-charged world positions Fi at the heart of subjective ethics, embodying the core essence of an individual's identity, where personal values harmonize with emotional resonances.

​Introverted Thinking (Ti)

​Ti, a solitary arbiter of logic, persistently scrutinizes and refines its understanding of concepts, propelled by the quest for intellectual purity. Its domain is one of rigorous dissection and reconstruction, seeking to distill the essence of every concept it encounters. Rather than adhering to external norms or accepted wisdom, Ti pivots around its own internal coherence, constantly readjusting its intellectual framework. This introspective journey positions Ti at the core of subjective logic, where it builds a fortress of understanding, fortified by its relentless pursuit of truth.

​Extroverted Feeling (Fe)

​Fe, a maestro of social dynamics, orchestrates interactions based on shared emotions, values, and societal norms. Fe users comprehend and navigate the intricate dance of interpersonal relations, adapting their behavior in response to the emotional tenor of their environment. The objective is not necessarily harmony or discord, but rather alignment with the prevailing social ethos. This capacity to shape and navigate group dynamics, to mirror and manipulate the emotional climate, is the essence of Fe. It is the diplomat of the cognitive functions, molding and responding to the emotional landscape with skilled finesse.

​Extroverted Thinking (Te)

​Te emerges as a pragmatic navigator within the realm of objective systems, relentlessly probing for the most efficient routes through an intricate labyrinth of facts and protocols. Rather than introspection, Te favors external measures of success, valuing effectiveness and precision. By establishing and executing a systematic plan, the Te user strives for optimal functionality in every endeavor. This commitment to rationality and practical efficiency places Te at the helm of objective logic, where it orchestrates a symphony of productivity, seamlessly aligned with the demands of the external world.

Modes + Cognitive Functions 

The introduction of cognitive functions within a mode instills the landscape of cognitive processing with greater dynamism and depth. However, it's important to note that the Modes of Alignment and Cognizance are complex constructs.The richness of these compound modes cannot be fully encapsulated by merely addressing the interplay of two cognitive functions. Such a simplistic portrayal risks undermining the defining characteristics of the compound mode, thereby potentially diminishing the value of the insights derived from their investigation.

It is paramount to recognize that an accurate representation of the Alignment and Cognizance modes necessitates a deeper exploration of the higher-order complexities embedded within their structures. To illustrate the nuances of the cognitive functions within these modes merely as binary interactions would serve to eclipse the intricate dynamism that characterizes them. Acknowledging the compound nature of the Modes of Alignment and Cognizance is pivotal for an authentic representation and understanding of their unique contributions to cognitive processing.

​Mode of Analysis (ST)

​Mode of Analysis (SF)

​Mode of Analysis (NT)

Mode of Analysis (NF)

Mode of Conducting (SF)

​Mode of Conducting (ST)

​Mode of Conducting (NF)

​Mode of Conducting (NT)

​Mode of Interaction (SF)

​SF (Se+Fe): This mode emphasizes the seamless integration of environmental and interpersonal elements. Se serves as an attentive observer, acutely attuned to sensory details within the environment, while Fe acts as a social barometer, sensing and aligning with social norms and emotional cues. This combination enables adept navigation of both physical environments and social dynamics, demonstrating effective problem-solving in complex, evolving situations.

​Mode of Interaction (ST)

​This mode epitomizes the confluence of environmental engagement and systematic, objective thinking. Se provides a high-resolution sensory perception of the environment, allowing for rapid adaptation to changing circumstances. In conjunction, Te evaluates and prioritizes objective factors within a systematic context, focusing on operational efficiency. This interaction enhances the individual's ability to navigate complex situations, adjust their approach, and maintain a balance between environmental adaptation and systematic optimization.

​Mode of Interaction (NF)

​NF (Ne+Fe): Here, the spotlight shifts to the exploration of potentialities and societal dynamics. Ne, functioning as a cognitive explorer, persistently uncovers latent connections and possibilities within the external environment. Concurrently, Fe orchestrates interpersonal exchanges, allowing for proficient handling of societal dynamics and alignment with shared societal values. This mode nurtures an innovative approach towards social interactions, blending the exploration of ideas with keen social acuity.

​Mode of Interaction (NT)

​NT (Ne+Te): This mode reflects the harmonious union of conceptual exploration and systematic thinking. Ne generates a stream of associations and potentialities, while Te provides structure and practicality to these ideas, assessing their feasibility and converting them into tangible plans. This combination fosters effective decision-making and strategic planning, pairing the openness to diverse possibilities with a grounded focus on practical outcomes.

​Mode of Revision (SF)

​Mode of Revision (ST)

​Mode of Revision (NF)

​Mode of Revision (NT)

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